Greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide are the cause of anthropogenic climate change. These gases are emitted into the atmosphere through the combustion of fossil fuels such as coal and oil and lead to global warming. The consequences: melting glaciers in the Alps, rising sea levels, more frequent heat waves, and devastation caused by storms and floods. The goal of German climate policy is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by at least 65 percent by 2030 compared to 1990 levels. Furthermore, it aims to achieve, to the greatest possible extent, a greenhouse gas neutral society by 2045 in which we can live good lives both in Germany and worldwide. In the context of international climate action, Germany advocates the ambitious and effective implementation of the Paris Agreement.
The climate is changing globally. As it changes, so do people’s living conditions. Germany is no exception. Experts expect far-reaching consequences for the environment, economy and society if we do not at least succeed in keeping global climate change under control. Even if we manage to reach the ambitious EU target of limiting the rise in global average temperature to less than two degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels, we will have to adapt to the impacts of climate change. Modern climate policy is therefore based on two pillars: prevention of greenhouse gas emissions and adaptation to the impacts of climate change that are already unavoidable.
The demand for energy is increasing all over the world. The situation on the energy markets is heating up and energy prices are soaring. The increased combustion of fossil energy sources is accelerating climate change. Increasing energy efficiency curbs rises in energy prices, decreases dependence on energy imports, mitigates the emission of greenhouse gases harmful to the climate (CO2), increases security of supply and counteracts energy distribution conflicts.