The CBD COP 15 adopts new global biodiversity framework aimed at halting the destruction of nature and reversing biodiversity loss
Last night at the United Nations Biodiversity Conference in Montreal, the international community adopted a global agreement for the conservation, sustainable use and restoration of nature. A key goal of the new framework is to ensure that at least 30 percent of terrestrial and marine areas are effectively conserved by 2030. In addition, risks from pesticides are to be halved by 2030. For the first time, a monitoring framework will use uniform indicators to assess the state of nature worldwide and determine whether targets are being achieved. The new framework also creates options for course correction if countries fail to achieve their targets. Implementation of the new framework in countries of the Global South will be supported with 20 billion US dollars annually by 2025 and 30 billion US dollars by 2030.
Federal Environment Minister Steffi Lemke commented: "The new global biodiversity framework adopted in Montreal establishes a protective shield for our foundations of life. The international community has decided to finally put a stop to biodiversity loss. After long and difficult negotiations, we have succeeded in agreeing on a global biodiversity framework that reflects our great determination. The goals are clear: By 2030, at least 30 percent of the world’s terrestrial and marine areas are to be effectively conserved, the risks to human health and the environment from pesticides and hazardous chemicals halved and environmentally harmful subsidies reduced by 500 billion US dollars. We have committed to restoring 30 percent of degraded natural ecosystems. Today is a good day for global nature conservation and environmental protection. By protecting nature we are also protecting ourselves, and securing a liveable environment for our children."
By 2030, biodiversity loss is to be stopped and the trend reversed. To that end, the international community has adopted four long-term goals for 2050 and 23 medium-term targets for 2030. These include, for instance, halving global food waste and the spread of invasive alien species. Another target is enabling businesses and financial institutions to disclose their activities which have negative impacts on biological diversity.
To secure the additional funding needed to implement the global biodiversity framework, by 2030, 200 billion US dollars will be mobilised each year for global biodiversity conservation. Incentives such as subsidies that harm biodiversity will be progressively reduced by 500 billion US dollars by 2030. To give developing countries targeted support in implementing the framework, the Global Environment Facility will also set up a Global Biodiversity Framework Fund. Implementation in countries of the Global South will be supported with 20 billion US dollars by 2025 and 30 billion US dollars by 2030. At the UN General Assembly in September 2022, Federal Chancellor Olaf Scholz already committed Germany to providing 1.5 billion euros for international biodiversity financing from 2025.
The United Nations Biodiversity Conference also saw the launch of a new partnership to support the countries of the Global South in drawing up and implementing their national biodiversity strategies. Germany will provide seed funding of 29 million euros for the NBSAP Accelerator Partnership.
In addition, the Parties agreed to establish a multilateral mechanism for benefit-sharing from the use of digital sequence information (DSI) on genetic resources. DSI carries the genetic data of an organism as a sequence of letters which is stored in digital form. DSI is used for fundamental research, but also for commercial purposes. The use of DSI can lead to financial benefits and gains. Fair and equitable benefit-sharing must be ensured in the use of genetic resources. To this end, the mechanism for benefit sharing will be further developed and operationalised in a fair, transparent and inclusive process to be finalised at the next United Nations Biodiversity Conference (CBD COP 16).
To improve the state of biodiversity, at national level Germany has already begun to revise and update its National Strategy on Biological Diversity. This strategy contains concrete national goals and measures that underpin both the global targets and those set out in the EU Biodiversity Strategy for 2030. In Germany, large terrestrial and marine areas already have protected status. The Federation and the Länder are working together to ensure that protected habitats and their important role in nature-based climate action are safeguarded, or strengthened and where necessary restored. To this end, an action plan on protected areas will be drawn up. It will have a clear focus on enhancing the quality of existing protected areas.